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Swiss Observer (SO) - 08 JUN 1944 - Anglais
     [SO-1944-06-08-EN]


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Aperçu rapide de l'OCR:
Ç W i i- s. 0ÍUi 0"hj*j
Ladies and Gentlemen,
The first week of June has produced events of
capital importance, events which rank together with Germany's attack
on Western Europe in 1940, with her onslaught on Russia in 1941, with
Japan's attack on Pearl Harbour in the same year, and with the Allied
landing in North Africa in 1942; whether the repercussions of last
week's events will be of the same magnitude as those mentioned, remains
It is, indeed, no mean event thet one of the two
pitáis of the Rome-Berlin Axis, the constitution of which rendered
the war possible, has been conquered by the Allies; and the fact that
this Capital was one of the three centres of the Tripartite-Pact, the
foundation of which made the war universal and almost fatal to .fi jj
rest of the world, only enhances the importance of the happenings in
Italy. With the fall of Rome, more thanhalf of the European territory
of tnat lovable but iS&sgEtxxbsá '. country has been reconquered; the cen
tre of Christianity has changed camps politically; spiritually it had
remained true to itself, inspite of all the vicissitudes brought ab
ut by the world crisis. The lamentations of the Neo-Eascists, who
bewail the historic precedent of Protestant Powers entering Rome, are
put into a singular light by the fact, that the Basilica of St.Peter
has now been opened again by the pope, who had ordered its closure
last September when the Germans, together with the Neo-Eascists themselves,
took possession of the Holy City.
Erom the military point of
view, the occupation of Rome by the Allies implies a German retreat
towards the North. This opens up new possibilities of Allied action
across the Adriatic at a most opportune moment: the blow dealt to
irshal Tito by the .cht, who succeeded in locatin destroy-
?*. *'«?.¿*i.-: .«'.':-.»:
ing his headquarters, inflicting heavy losses on his Forces, is a
serious matter under present circumstances. It is all the more awk-
râ owing to the fact, that the in
is far from finding a satisfactory solution; perhaps the misfortune,
which has befallen him, will render the somewhat turbulent Marsha]
more open to the conciliatry attitude of young King peter.
well as external unity has always been a condition for success, be
it in a family, in a community, in a nation or in an alliance. Such
unity has become all the more imperative for the Allies, now that tl
long expected landing of Anglo-American Forces has taken place in
stern Europe. Rome had hardly been occupied, when the arnu
bled in England left the ports of the South-Coast,in order to conquer
Normandy and liberate France from the invader; it is a curious
coincidence that, after nearly ninehundred years, the same route
should be chosen and the same places mentioned as at the time of the
Norman Conquest of England; perhaps it is not a coincidence, but
merely a lie neccessity and the paying back of an ancient (feit.
In any case, it is a tremendous u 'taking astor carried
out: fourthousand men-of-war and cargoes, accompanied by the same
number of lesser vessels, and protected by an air-force of sor
venthousand 'planes. The landing operation as such has succeeded,
spite of the formidable defence-measures taken by the Germans; ailthough
less boastful than the Fascists, who predicted an Allied landing
in Italy with soldiers in a horizontal position, the national-
Socialists have been mistaken too, who gave the Anglo-Saxons a ninehour
margin before being cleared-out again,
3* XV ** *.* '?., NP -1 » f
Ü¡D j 1l JL I i 3 O Ct X G et O J J O O C í i o Ht**established %fll
has been created by the Allies in Northern Prance, which has
of over fifty miles and a depth of about 12 miles; besides, more
less isolated landing Forces, arrived by sea nnd mostly from the ai:
are trying to cut the peninsula of Cherbourg; this mighty port and
fortress to the West of the bridge-head, together with the othei
port of Le Havre on the Eastern flank of the invading Forces, are e
sential objectives for the consolidation of the successful land'
operation. This second phase of the Invasion has now begun, and it
mains to be seen what reaction it will produce from the German side;
up to the present, the fighting and the losses have been very hard,
indeed, but less hard than expected owing to the comparative scared
ty of air- and submarine-intervention from the German side. Presu
ly the Wehrmacht's reserves are kept back, either in view of further
developments in other sectors, or in order to try and deal a crushing
blow as soon as the greatest possible number of men and materi
assembled in the smallest possible space.
This may be a hazardous sp
culation, but possibly it is the only one open to the German High
Command, who—hoc [Installed it-self somewhere in Northern France, with
Chancellor Hitler at its head. Should the Allies succeed in the second
phase of consolidation, as well as they did in the first phase
of landing, then the third phase of strategic movements would, presumably,
call forth further large scale actions by the United Nation
starting from various quarters on the periphery of Europa and aiming
at the German Fortress.
v.1.09